In this mysterious world, many people hurt themselves to reduce their anger or sadness. Most of the people choose to cut their veins. In such cases, Clotting is used. Clotting is what prevents excessive bleeding when you cut yourself. Remember, the blood moving through your veins or arteries shouldn’t clot. It may result in death. Because if a clot is produced between the way to heart or lungs, you may receive a heart attack or stroke. 

A bleeding disorder is a condition that affects the way your blood normally clots. Another name for blood clotting is coagulation. This process helps to change the liquid (blood) into a solid form. When a victim receives an injury, the blood itself starts making clot to avoid huge loss of blood. However, Bleeding Disorders can cause abnormal bleeding both outside and inside the body. Now, there must be a question in your mind that what causes Bleeding Disorders. 

Typically, Bleeding Disorders often develop when the blood is unable to make blood clot properly. Clotting of blood requires blood proteins and blood cells inside your body (called as Platelets). If any of these things are missing, it may result in Bleeding Disorders. And if it happens so, it may result in sudden bleeding from your joints, muscles, or other parts of the body. A bleeding disorder is mostly inherited from parent to a child. Yet, other medical conditions like Liver Disease can also cause Bleeding Disorders. Other common factors are listed below:

  • A low Red Blood Cell Count
  • A Vitamin K Deficiency
  • Side Effects From Certain Medications

Getting deeper, we find out several types of bleeding disorders. One of the common types of bleeding disorders is Hemophilia A & B. These are the conditions that usually occur when the clotting level in your blood reaches the low factor. This condition results in unusual and excessive bleeding into the joints. Even though the condition is quite rare, but once it appears, it must be treated. Because if left untreated, it may cause a life-threatening situation. 

Yet, there is another type of Bleeding Disorder, which is the most common type. It is known as Von Willebrand’s disease. This type of disease is developed in the body when the blood lacks the Von Willebrand Factor.

Symptoms of Bleeding Disorders

Symptoms of Bleeding disorders depends upon the type of disorder. However, the main signs are listed below:

  • Unexplained and easy bruising
  • Heavy menstrual Bleeding
  • Frequent Nosebleed
  • Excessive bleeding from small cuts or injuries
  • Bleeding into joints

Diagnosis and Treatment 

In order to diagnose a bleeding disorder, your doctor will ask you about your recent medical history and the signs & symptoms you are feeling. A physical exam might also be performed. After gathering all useful information, some tests may be performed to confirm the disease. These tests may include:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • Platelet Aggregation Test
  • Bleeding Time Test

If the disease is diagnosed, it must be treated. Treatment options for Bleeding Disorders vary depending upon the type of Bleeding Disorder and its severity. Remember, the treatment process cannot cure the disease. It can only help in relieving the symptoms. Two common treatment methods include:

  • Iron Supplementation.
  • Blood Transfusion